Samuel Taylor Coleridge

  1. Symbols of religion much heavily adopted by him than Wordsworth
  2. Ordinary language, fantastical imagery
  3. Shutting himself up as a madman
    1. It is not the will power of the speaker
    2. Poetry is the only ability along with many of his disabilities
    3. Learning to value poetry: while much of his other works are profound
    4. Feminine sensibility in a positive way
      1. The nature of faith and spitiruality and the element of womanhood
      2. Spiritual awakening to the adventure in Mariner

Lovejoy Essay: Christianity inspiring Romanticism, encounter between good and evil always brings one to a higher state of excellence, thesis –> antithesis –> synthesis, endless striving to artistic reconciliation.

Coleridge probed Wordsworth to write the Preface to Lyrical Ballads, he gaped at Wordsworth’s value scheme of being a poet, that prose and poetry resolve in harmony with “emotions recollected in tranquility.” But from Coleridge’s point of view, poetry most has to do with first-hand experience, people who are in “Dejection” should have their own voice from their own minds.

Rime of the Ancient Mariner in Seven Parts

  1. Side notes on the poem, constantly reminding the reader of where they are
    1. Possibilities of narration
    2. Caught between the different narrative style of prose and poem
    3. Cannot be taken away?
      1. Interruptions as a media choice
  2. Mariner has to tell the story
    1. Rare language in the English language
    2. Including Christabel and Kubla Khan, there are very few of English poetry among these language
    3. Must articulate the story in order to reach the redemption
      1. The wandering Jew and the Frankenstein
    4. Going back to Milton’s Satan
      1. He gets to tell the story, eloquently
    5. The sympathy with the narrator
      1. The Creature in Frankenstein: should we sympathize??
      2. Not necessarily a human but evokes human emotion
  3. Killingt he Albatross: a good omen or bad omen?
    1. Crew members are the pieces of the curse, with their spirits taken away with their lives
      1. Are they actual people?
    2. Redemption coming with the sudden revelation of beauty of Nature
      1. A poem defies logical analysis
      2. “A poem must not mean / but be”


  1. Sensualized and essensualized feminine figures in poetry, not really acknowledging their intellectual beings, the darker forces in them instead of the reasonable aspect
  2. Venom against strong female characters



  1. 1772-1834, going to charity education before entered the Cambridge
    1. Debts and Addiction
    2. Developed pantisocracy with Robert Southey
      1. Met and worked on revolution in Cambridge
    3. Marriage to Sara Fricker
      1. Unhappy marriage, later turning to Sara Huchingson
    4. Pantisocracy (and Aspheterism)
      1. Equal Government by/for all
        1. General ownership
        2. Susquehanna River
        3. Problems with comtemporary society
          1. Servitude
          2. Private property
      2. Solution?
        1. Small group of educated people giving up belongings to live in the wilderness togehter
        2. Issues still related to real world
        3. Published after death:
        4.                      Pantisocracy

        by Samuel Taylor Coleridge

      3. No more my Visionary Soul shall dwell
        On Joys that were! No more endure to weigh
        The Shame and Anguish of the evil Day,
        Wisely forgetful! O’er the Ocean swell
        Sublime of Hope I seek the cottag’d Dell,
        Where Virtue calm with careless step may stray,
        And dancing to the moonlight Roundelay
        The Wizard Passions weave an holy Spell.
        Eyes that have ach’d with Sorrow! Ye shall weep
        Tears of doubt-mingled Joy, like theirs who start
        From Precipices of distemper’d Sleep,
        On which the fierce-eyed Fiends their Revels keep,
        And see the rising Sun, & feel it dart
        New Rays of Pleasance trembling to the Heart.
      4. Another poem on the prophecy on the system
        1. Christian Socialism, not the socialism as radical as later
        2. Cross-class communication
        3. Church and State
      5. Huge chunk of his life working on this dream, although only lasted for a while
        1. Working across principle is something very difficult to carry out
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