Samuel Coleridge

  • Relationship with Robert Southey
    • met in school and developed their ideas on pantisocracy
    • had a falling out when they disagreed with the concept of their utopian society
  • Relationship with Sara Fricker
    • a lot of speculation on why they were married – none of them were because they were in love
    • separated roughly
  • Pantisocracy
    • Greek – equal gov. by and for all
    • Aspheterism – greek for general ownership
    • Had problems with contemporary society
      • servitude/slavery, private property and its fuel of greed in a capitalist society
    • Solution – small group of educated people (men) to relinquish belongings and live in wilderness together
    • Parted ways over issues
      • land ownership
      • Coleridge wanted no slavery or servants, but Southey felt he needed indentured servants
    • Coleridge wrote Pantisocracy – published after death
      • On the Prospect of Establishing a Pantisocracy in America (1826) – letter to Southey
  • Poetry and Socialism
    • capitalism and private property are rooted
    • Christian Socialism – used to utilize many of Coleridge’s poems to call for cross-class communitarian cooperation
    • Coleridge was adamant that church and state remain separate – wouldn’t qualify as a Christian socialist
  • Rime of the Ancient Mariner
    • Coleridge chooses to provide summaries and author’s note in the margins
      • could be disrupting, or could be seen as helpful
      • I feel like the wedding guest trying to divide attention between two demanding voices
      • Could it be bordering on comedic?
      • The crewmembers just become bodies/objects in the curse – reduced to providing the mariner the opportunity to be redeemed
  • Dejection: An Ode
    • Written in response to Wordsworth’s Tincturn Abbey
    • Argues it is what we bring to nature that determines what we get back from it

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